When exactly is the End of Ramadan 2015 in the Philippines?
Updated July 9, 2015: Long Weekend starting on July 17, 2015
To answer the question quickly for those who just have to know, the end of Ramadan, or Eid’l Fitr (also Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Fitr) for 2015 falls on July 17, Friday.
Malacanan Palace Proclamation no 1070 – 2015 End of Ramadan
President Benigno Aquino III has declared July 17, Friday, a regular holiday through Proclamation 1070. This regular holiday proclamation was made in observance of Eid’l Fitr 2015 or End of Ramadan.
Eid’l Fitr at the gate of Abdul Aziz by Muhammad Mahdi Karim (www.micro2macro.net) Facebook Youtube; Own work. Licensed under GFDL 1.2 via Wikimedia Commons
Now for a little background on what is Eid’l Fitr.
As citizens of a predominantly Christian nation, Filipinos historically have only a very vague idea about important Muslim holidays. It was only in 2002 when then president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Republic Act No. 9177 declaring Eidul Fitr or End of Ramadan as part of the roster of national non-working holidays that most people became aware of it. President Benigno S. Aquino III signed another Muslim day of celebration, Eid al-Adha, into law as a regular Philppine holiday in 2011, Proclamation No. 276, s. 2011. This year, Eid al- Adha might be on September 24, but it could a day later depending on visual confirmation of the moon the previous month.
Many Muslims often bring prayer rugs to the Mosque on Eid al-Fitr. by Azeri – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons
Back to point.
Eid’l Fitr refers to the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, which is the 9th month in the Hijri Islamic calendar. The Islamic calendar follows the phases of the moon, which can make it confusing to people who are used to the Gregorian calendar. This is also the reason why every year the dates of Eid’l Fitr and Eid’l Adha are different.
A Kid inside Golden Mosque in Quiapo
It should also be noted that because the dates are determined by the sighting of the moon in any given year, the location can affect the date of Eid’l Fitr. While most Muslims in the world follow the dates set by Saudi Arabia, the Filipino Muslims look to the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos to make a declaration.
During the Ramadan, which is either 29 or 30 days depending on the sighting of the crescent moon, adult Muslims are required to abstain from food and drink (some include smoking, sex and swearing) from sunrise to sunset as a way to commemorate the first revelation of the Koran to Mohammed.
“Golden Mosque” by KisekiLacroix – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons
Eid’l Fitr is the first day of the 10th month in the Islamic calendar called Shawwal, which also means “to carry” as this is typically the month that a female camel is pregnant. Since it is also called the Feast of Breaking the Fast, Eid’l Fitr is naturally the day when Muslims are not allowed to fast, even if breaks a strict diet. Filipino Muslims undergo ritual washing, don new or best clothes, and wear perfume before heading out to the mosque or other place of gathering to listen to special sermons. They give food to the needy in a mandatory act of charity.
Most Filipino Muslims take this opportunity to get together with family and friends to spend the day together in celebration. Muslim-owned businesses are either closed or have limited business hours. So, if you are planning to transact business on July 17-19 this year with a Filipino Muslim, then you had better make other plans.
Related Post: Philippine holidays and long weekends for 2015