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Baguio City: Still the Philippines Summer Capital

Why Baguio is the summer capital of the Philippines?

Baguio City Travel Guide photo by Ivan Torres via Unsplash

The Philippines Summer Capital

When you speak of Baguio City, you think of the cool weather that clips to a cooler but still bearable 14 degrees Celsius, although sometimes it comes down to a shivering 10 degrees Celsius; a zigzag drive up in its main access route — Kennon Road, rugged mountain shrouded in fog; a clump of pine trees here and there; an early morning mist; the pleasure of taking a leisurely walk without sweating, and a chance to wear clothes like sweaters and jackets.

Le Coq Bleu, a French home. LOFT room - Cottages for Rent in Baguio City
Le Coq Bleu, a French home. LOFT room – Cottages for Rent in Baguio City

It means walking down Session Road, hiking through forest trails, putting up 202 steps to the Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes, pony riding at Wright Park, golf and steak barbecue at Camp John Hay (CJH), sitting by the fireplace, waking up to the sound of birds chirping, listening to the buzz and silence, buying “pasalubongs” from the public market, the Good Shepherd or Mines View Park, or just going to the SM mall to relax and stroll.

Baguio Public Market Pasalubong Shopping
Baguio Public Market Pasalubong Shopping

People continue to flock to the city in the clouds because it is the country’s favorite destination for a honeymoon, summer conventions, school field trips, and clean adventure. Many students prefer to study at the Baguio campus of the University of the Philippines, or at St. Louis University, and, of course, the Philippine Military Academy (PMA).

During the latter part of 1899, American forces in search of Filipino forces found their way up to these mountains of Benguet. They quickly fell in love with Baguio, which was then called Kalagway.

In 1900, William Cameron Forbes took on the responsibility of building Baguio, with the help of 4,000 men who carved Kennon Road from the mountains. Three years later, a resolution was passed declaring it the “Summer Capital of the Philippines.”

Baguio is Cordillera Region’s business center, producing agricultural products, handicrafts, as well as products for international markets from the export processing zone located near the Loakan Airport.

The Panagbenga Festival is one of the most popular and well-loved festivals in the country. [Image Credit: Panagbenga Festival]
The Panagbenga Festival is one of the most popular and well-loved festivals in the country. [Image Credit: Panagbenga Festival]
It is also the venue of Panagbenga (flower festival), a Kankanaey word meaning “a season for blossoming, a time for flowering. For the whole month of February, Baguio is in “bloom” as it ushers in Panagbenga Festival which is celebrated every third week of February. Inspired by the city’s burgeoning tourism industry, Camp John Hay Development Corp.(CJHDevCo) and John Hay Poro Point Development Corp. (JPDC), teamed up to nurture the idea that has grown into a mega tourism project, said Damaso Bangaoet, founder of the Panagbenga.

CJH, the former rest and recreation haven for the United States Armed Forces, traces its beginnings in 1900 when the 48th US Infantry set foot in Baguio and established an unnamed camp in what is now the site of CJH. In 1903, then US President Theodore Roosevelt officially designated this 535 acres camp as a military reservation, which they named after John Milton Hay, the incumbent US Secretary of States during that time.

Forest Lodge Lofts for Rent in Baguio
Forest Lodge Lofts for Rent in Baguio

From R&R for American soldiers stationed in the Philippines after the Spanish-American War to a Japanese concentration camp and Army post during the occupation to bombed-out ruins after WWII and back to a beautiful and scenic mountain resort, CJH’s history followed a colorful path for more than 98 years.

The hotel is part of the cluster consisting of 180 units—102 studio units with double beds, 24 studio units with king-sized beds, 42 one-bedroom suites, and 12 two-bedroom suites. Dining is al fresco, enhanced by the historical Friendship Garden, where statues of President Manuel L Quezon and U.S President Abraham Lincoln can be found.

Holidays at The Manor
Holidays at The Manor

Similar to the Manor Hotel, the 289 units CJH Suites offers the modern convenience of a world-class hotel. Amenities include a music lounge with a piano bar, fine dining restaurants, fitness center, novelty shops, and more. The Luxury Hotel with 200 units offers the same.

There are also residential clusters – Country Homes, Country Log Homes, Log Homes, Corporate Lodges/Villas, and Family Units that suit the visitor’s needs. The general features include living and dining with view deck, fireplace at the dining room and master’s bedroom; two bedrooms; maid’s quarters; cedar logs used to clad the exterior that are imported from Canada. The master planner is American Robert Lamb Hart while the architectural designer is RR Payumo and Associates.

On the other hand, the CAP-John Hay Trade and Cultural Center is an impressive two-level edifice that serves as a venue for a wide range of functions like conventions, seminars, and special events. The main hall can seat around 1,700 persons while the balcony is tiered with 1,000 fixed theater seats. Its spacious lobby and hallways can likewise accommodate exhibits or serve as an external function area for registration and buffet settings.

Tourists enjoying the serene waters of Burnham lake
Tourists enjoying the serene waters of Burnham lake

A few minutes away from the Baguio Convention Center, Burnham Park, Maharlika Shopping Center, and other points of interest is the Baguio Country Club (BCC), recognized as one of the best vacation establishments in RP.

At the heart of the four-storey building (with an attic and two basement floors) is the Roman Ozatea verandah, which serves as a coffee shop. Spanning two wings, the verandah wraps itself in the busiest outlet of the club with activities such as Sunday brunch buffet with Mongolian barbecue.

The BBC resident manager said “BBC has a fine reputation for food and accommodations. Apart from the popular Apollo Rice verandah, there are several cozy outlets to choose from. Near the entrance is a small pastry shop encased in glass. It offers tempting cakes, delectable pastries, and the famous raisin bread.”

The club has 114 deluxe rooms, 16 deluxe suites, a presidential suite, and a penthouse unit. Fronting the clubhouse are 17 European-designed summer villas complete with living area, kitchen, three bedrooms, and two bathrooms. These villas offer families and groups more space and privacy. Other facilities include a 500-seat ballroom, a 500-seat training center, and several function rooms.

Tourist Spots in Antipolo photo by abbylene-anciano via Unsplash
Tourist Spots in Antipolo photo by abbylene-anciano via Unsplash

The 18th hole CJH Gold Course continues to be the home of the prestigious Fil-Am Golf Tournament, the world’s largest amateur golf tournament with over 800 participants from the Philippines, US, and the Pacific. It has been upgraded to a par 69 championship golf course by Golden Bear International.

In 1918, the Scout Hill served as the home and training grounds of the Philippine scouts. It was a concentration camp for American nationals and their allies during the Japanese occupation. It now houses sports and recreational facilities. The Igorot Lodge, originally a hospital, is now being leased to the Asian Institute of Management.

Want more updates about food, festivals, and tourism activities in Baguio City? Follow #TeamOutofTown, on Facebook, and TwitterInstagram, Bloglovin, and Pinterest for more travel ideas.

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Written by Melo Villareal

Melo Villareal is the Online Publisher of He is an Accountant by profession who left the corporate world at the age of 23 to explore his beautiful country and the rest of the world. Today, Melo works as a part-time Social Media Manager for local and international clients. His full-time work focuses on discovering interesting culture, explore different cuisines and take memorable photos from local and international destinations he's visiting.

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