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Tawi-Tawi: Ultimate Travel Guide

Everything You Need to Know About Tawi-Tawi

Panampangan Island in Tawi-Tawi

Tawi-Tawi Travel Guide: DIY Guide, How to get there, Where to Stay, Things to do and More

Often overlooked because of its location in the southernmost part of the Philippines, Tawi-Tawi has also been unreasoningly linked with security concerns in the past that gave travelers pause when planning a visit to this place. In reality, though, Tawi-Tawi tells a different story of a province boasting several off-the-beaten-path destinations teeming with majestic sights, colorful culture, and traditions that has been beautifully preserved for hundreds of years.

Bud Bongao Tawi-Tawi Travel Guide
Bud Bongao Tawi-Tawi Travel Guide

Quickly becoming a favorite among the more adventurous travelers seeking ethnic wonders and remarkable marvels to explore, Tawi-Tawi’s diverse attraction is enough to convince one to set aside all misplaced preconceived notions of this place and embrace discovering its factual character. Here is a useful travel guide that you can bookmark for future use for those willing to get to know the real Tawi-Tawi.

Going to Tawi-Tawi

Tawi-Tawi is closer to Sabah, Malaysia, than mainland Mindanao. Going to the province used to be difficult. Since the construction of new infrastructures such as an airport and seaports and a rebranding that promoted tourism in the province, going to Tawi-Tawi has become a lot easier in the last several years. Here are some ways of going to Tawi-Tawi from major hubs in Manila and Zamboanga City.

By Air

Sanga-Sanga Airport in Bongao operates daily Cebu Pacific flights from Zamboanga City. Other than chartered flights, this is the only commercial air choice going to Tawi-Tawi. Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific also connect travelers from Manila to Zamboanga City and Cotabato City, while AirAsia started flying to Zamboanga City from Clark and Cebu on March 28, 2020.

By Sea

Sea travel is the main mode of passage going to Tawi-Tawi. Aleson Shipping cruises the waters of the Sulu Sea to connect passengers from Zamboanga City to Bongao every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Ship voyage usually takes 15 to 18 hours. 2GO Travel also has ferry routes going to Bongao, Tawi-Tawi from Cebu, and Manila. Another ferry from Semporna in Malaysia goes to Bongao once a week.

Best Time to Go

Tawi-Tawi’s best thing is that it is safely shielded from the “typhoon belt” of the Philippines, making it an ideal destination to visit the whole year without worrying about extreme weather conditions. Rain showers occur occasionally and only for a short burst of time. To make sure, always check weather forecasts before setting out on a sea journey to the different islands in the province.

Agal Agal Festival photos
Agal Agal Festival photos

Another thing to remember are the cultural festivals held every September in different towns in Tawi-Tawi. These are the Kamahardikaan Sin, which celebrates the province’s founding anniversary—and the Agal-Agal Festival, a jovial revelry celebrating the way of life of the local Sama people. Both festivals are celebrated on the same week every September.

Agal-Agal Festival | September

Agal Agal Festival in Tawi-Tawi
Agal Agal Festival in Tawi-Tawi
Agal Agal Festival
Agal Agal Festival

This festival features a colorful street parade and dancing competitions participated by contingents from various towns. The main choreography centers on the depiction of the way of life of the Sama people. Spellbinding dance routines re-enact the traditional courtships, harvesting seaweeds (agal-agal), and mystic rituals. Every year, the festival is held in a different town in Tawi-Tawi.

Getting Around Tawi-Tawi

Getting around Bongao, Tawi-Tawi is convenient thanks to it being a small island surrounded by well-paved roads. Jeepneys, motor taxis (habal-habal), and tricycles are the main transport methods on the island. There are also private vans offered by tour companies. For inter-island connectivity, public ferries are available at the island’s main port.

By Jeep

Jeepneys can be seen departing Bongao Public Market several times a day to shuttle passengers to the other towns in Bongao.

By Tricycle

Tricycle in Tawi-Tawi
Tricycle in Tawi-Tawi

Habal-habal” (motor taxis) and Tricycles are the mainland transportation in Bongao and in the other islands in Tawi-Tawi. If you are exploring a town in Tawi-Tawi, the best way is to ride a tricycle to easily cross narrow streets. For hassle-free commuting, try renting one for a day-tour so the tricycle driver can take you to all the tourist spots in the town.

Fare tips: Remember to politely negotiate with your driver but refrain from haggling too much to the point that you may short-change them.

By Boat

While motor taxis and tricycles are the main mode of transit on Tawi-Tawi islands, sea travel is another main transportation of going from one island to another. Public ferry boats are available from Bongao going to Sitangkai, Simunul, Liyaburan, Sibutu, Sipangkot, and Languyan. Renting a private boat is also available, especially if you will visit the sandbar of Panampangan Island.

What to See and Do in Tawi-Tawi

Panampangan Island

An hour away from Bongao by a fast boat or add one more for a regular-speed boat, Panampangan Island is easily one of the most spectacular islands in the Philippines. The island is said to have the longest sandbar in the Philippines. According to mapping advocate Ervin Malicdem “during low tide, the sandbar extends far out to about three kilometers to its neighboring islet, Basibuli; also, in the same reef.”

Panampangan Beach
Panampangan Beach
Panampangan Island in Tawi-Tawi
Panampangan Island in Tawi-Tawi

Devoid of man-made structures except for a few small huts, the island is covered in lush greens composed of towering coconut trees and random plants. The rest of the island is stretched by a scenic snaking sandbar framed by the crystal-clear waters of Celebes Sea. A day trip here will surely gift you with a memorable beach bumming experience.

Travel tip: Boats going to Panampangan Island from Bongao can be rented for 8,000 – 9,000 pesos for the whole day of the tour. The boat can conveniently charter 12-15 people.

Bud Bongao Peak

View from Bud Bongao
View from Bud Bongao

Considered a sacred mountain, Bud Bongao may only tower 1,100 feet, but it holds a taller meaning to the province’s local history, culture, and religion. The mountain is also the burial place of one of Karim ul-Makhdum’s — the Arab preacher who first brought Islam to the country more than 600 years ago — followers.

Today, Bud Bongao remains much revered by the locals. It’s also a biodiversity hotspot spreading 250 hectares and is protected by both the local government of Bongao and the hundreds of playful long-tailed macaques that can be seen along the trail.

Old Chinese Port

Old Chinese Port in Tawi-Tawi
Old Chinese Port in Tawi-Tawi

Other than the hurried seaside activities, one’s attention can also be arrested by the colorful row of lantsa—motorized wooden boats—docked at the old Chinese Port in Bongao, Tawi-Tawi. This used to be the center of trade among Arab, Malays, and Chinese merchants hundreds of years ago. Today, it serves as a primary fishing port and an important sea hub to the other island towns of Tawi-Tawi and, as some would say, even to Indonesia and Malaysia.

Sheik Karim al Makdum Mosque

Sheikh Karimul Makhdum Mosque
Sheikh Karimul Makhdum Mosque

Found on the island of Simunul, this mosque is believed to be the oldest in the Philippines. It was built in 1380 and named after its builder, Arab trader, and Islamic preacher Sheik Makdum Karim. Although the mosque has been reconstructed several times, four original wooden pillars can still be seen inside.

Sama houses on stilts in Simunul Island Tawi-Tawi
Sama houses on stilts in Simunul Island Tawi-Tawi

The graveyard located at the back of the mosque is believed to be where Sheik Makdum Karim’s remains were buried.

Bajau Village in Bongao

Kids in Bajau Village
Kids in Bajau Village

Get to know more about the simple daily lives of the Sama Dilaut people residing in stilt houses that stand near the wooden footbridge leading to the sea. This community in the municipality of Bongao provides visitors a fascinating glimpse into the Bajaus culture (Badjao).

The Badjao and Samal mat, design-wise, is undisputedly the most interesting tradition in the whole country
The Badjao and Samal mat, design-wise, is undisputedly the most interesting tradition in the whole country

Apart from learning about their oceanic style of living, one will also be amazed by their craftsmanship in weaving, particularly the various colorful banig (hand-woven mat) that many make every day.

Sama Dilaut and Tausug Stilt Houses in Sitangkai

Stilt Houses Tawi-Tawi
Stilt Houses Tawi-Tawi

Another similar enthralling community scene can also be seen on the island of Sitangkai, where most Tausug and Sama Dilaut people prefer living in stilt houses perched on the sea than to settle on dry land. These stilt houses surround the island’s turquoise waters and dot through the inner canals leading to several of the island’s municipalities.

Sitangkai is also known as Tawi-Tawi’s seaweed capital.

Tawi-Tawi Provincial Capitol

Stilt Houses Tawi-Tawi
Stilt Houses Tawi-Tawi

Constructed atop a hill, the Provincial Capitol of Tawi-Tawi features a mosque dome that perfectly complements its appealing Islamic architecture design. A morning jog here will reward you not only a windy spot to catch your breath but also a sweeping view of Bongao town below.

Balobok Rock Shelter

This interesting archaeological site is located inside Bolobok Cave. Earlier excavations in the cave have turned up numerous ancient artifacts like flake tools, polished stones, human bones, and even animal remains that are believed to date back as far as 8,800 years ago.

Tawi-Tawi Diving Spots

Also, an underrated diving destination because of its remote location, the waters off Tawi-Tawi dots with an abundance of diving spots. As part of the so-called Coral Triangle, more than 600 species of corals and 2,000 species of fish can be seen underwater around Tawi-Tawi.

Sangay Siapuh Island
Sangay Siapuh Island
Sangay Siapuh Resort
Sangay Siapuh Resort

Visit the other lesser-known islands.

Other than Panampangan Island, Simunul, and Sitangkai, there are other noteworthy islands such as Papahag, Bilatan, and Laa scattered around the immense Sulu Sea surrounding Tawi-Tawi. You can explore these islands for a whole day.

Where to Stay in Tawi-Tawi

Rachel’s Place Hotel and Restaurant

The most popular accommodation in Bongao because it is commonly frequented by both backpackers and business travelers, Rachel’s Place is strategically located near the center of Bongao. It features a spacious garden where guests can hang out or work using the hotel’s Wi-Fi and several air-conditioned rooms good for 2-4 people. The hotel also has a dining area and a multi-purpose hall. If you are also looking for a resort where you can capture beautiful sunset photos, this is the place for you.

Address: Ilmon Street Lamion, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

Hotel Juana Grill and Sandbar Restaurant

Situated near the center of the bustling part of Bongao, where much of the sea trading activities happen, this hotel is ideal for travelers looking for a no-frills but affordable place to crash for the night.

Address: Datu Halum St., Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

Beachside Inn Hotel and Restaurant

Said to be the first hotel to operate in Bongao, this beachfront hotel is a favorite among the locals to recommend to guests from other parts of the Philippines. Beachside Inn’s alfresco dining area is also one of the best places to eat in Tawi-Tawi.

Address: Sowangkagang, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

Sandbar Lepa Beach Hotel and Restaurant

This newly-built hotel in Bongao, Sandbar Lepa Beach Hotel, features minimalistic rooms with twin beds, an air-conditioner, cable TV, and a conference hall.

Address: Pasiagan, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

Almari Beach Resort

This quiet escape nestled along a quaint shoreline was also where the music video of a Christian Bautista song about Tawi-Tawi was shot. A row of a dozen rooms sits in front of a scenic view of the sea.

Address: Pahut, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

What to Eat in Tawi-Tawi

Tawi-Tawi’s culinary scene is heavily influenced by its bountiful seafood industry and a combination of Moro and Malaysian cuisine and the native dishes from other Filipino ethnic groups in Mindanao Tausug, Maranao, Jama Mapun, Banguingui, and more. The satisfying product is a rich blend of delicious flavors that will make your journey to Tawi-Tawi produce an extraordinary gastronomical adventure.

Tiyula Itum (braised beef in charred coconut meat)

Tiyula Itum
Tiyula Itum

A popular Tausug dish often served in Tawi-Tawi, Sulu, and Zamboanga, Tiyula Itum is distinctly characterized by a black sauce caused by burnt coconut meat. This produces a unique taste to the tender braised beef. Other ingredients of this dish include ginger, turmeric, lengkuas, onion, and garlic. Tiyula Itum is also called “Food for the Royalty” because it is commonly served during weddings and other special events like the Hari Raya festivities.

Chicken Piyanggang

A slightly derived version of the Tiyula Itum also applies the cooking method of burning coconut meat to produce a thick black sauce, this dish’s main star is the chicken. Cooked alongside the chicken are other ingredients like chili, turmeric, lemongrass, onions, garlic, and coconut milk.

Kahanga Rendang

This mouth-watering dish composed of shellfish meat is prepared by stirring it fried with seasonings of golden coconut meat, lemongrass, and onions.

Pickled Agal-Agal (Seaweed)

Because seaweed is the main produce of Tawi-Tawi, locals have formulated an appetizing seaweed-based salad. They call it the Pickled Agal-agal, made with thin slices of green mangoes, olive oil, lemon juice, and brown sugar.

Chicken and Beef Satti

Satti is another local favorite in Tawi-Tawi, Sulu, and the Zamboanga Peninsula. It is a grilled beef or chicken served in sticks and paired with sticky rice and a thick sauce. The yellow-colored sauce combines turmeric, pepper, garlic, and curry ingredients to create a savory taste.


Pastil appears like a slighter version of the empanada, but once you take a bite, you’ll discover that inside its fillings are rice noodles (pancit bihon) that taste better when paired with spicy vinegar.

Malaysian Cuisine

Mee Goreng
Mee Goreng

Tawi-Tawi is one of the few places in Mindanao where you can taste some Malaysian cuisine. Several side-street eateries serve an array of favorite dishes from our Southeast Asian neighbors. These include Nasih Goreng, Pataya Ayam Daging, Mee Goreng, Nasih Goreng, Mee Bandung, Mee Hailam, etc.

Travel tip: eating pork is strictly prohibited in the province of Tawi-Tawi by Islamic dietary laws

Where to Eat in Tawi-Tawi

Fatima Shara

Situated in the downtown market area, this modest eatery serves various local cuisine that includes tiyulah itum, agal-agal salad, grilled fish, and kinilaw.

Address: Downtown, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

Sandbar Beach Lepa and Restaurant

The in-house restaurant of Sandbar Beach Lepa Resort serves mouth-watering Mindanaoan cuisine that also includes several local favorites. Their huge servings are perfect for a group of family or friends.

Address: Pasiagan, Bongao

Ibbo Beach Resort

If you’re craving fresh seafood, then you should dine at Ibbo Beach Resort’s restaurant, where they serve a bevy of the freshest seafood catch of the day.

Address: Pasiagan, Bongao

Rachel’s Place

Besides having the most popular accommodation in Tawi-Tawi, Rachel’s Place’s in-house restaurant is also known for its good food, fraps, brewed coffee, and silog-types all-day breakfast.

Address: Lamion, Bongao     

King of Chicken

Like its name suggests, this is the place to order rich-tasting chicken-based dishes, including the local favorites: chicken sati, Chicken Piyanggang, and the Tiyula Itum.

Address: Downtown area, Bongao

Sameera Coffee

Considered by locals as Tawi-Tawi’s version of Starbucks but so much better, Sameera is a laid-back coffee place near the town, where you can order brewed coffee as you sit and quietly observe the daily way of living of people around you.

AMZ Snack House and Juana Hotel & Restaurant are also located in the downtown area of Tawi-Tawi.

Practical Information and Tips


Although Tawi-Tawi is now considered generally safe, it is still highly recommended to register first at the tourism office before proceeding with Tawi-Tawi’s island-hopping exploration. After registering, the tourism officers led a short briefing about the guidelines and other helpful tips for traveling around Tawi-Tawi.


Despite its proximity to Malaysia, the main currency used here is still the Philippine Peso. Philippine National Bank (PNB), Metrobank, and Allied Banking Corporation an ATM machines located in the downtown area of Bongao. There are no ATM machines in the other islands of Tawi-Tawi. Currently, very few establishments accept credit or debit cards, so it is still a wise idea to bring enough cash during your stay in Tawi-Tawi.


The “Tausug” is the main language in Tawi-Tawi, while many also speak the local “Sama” language, especially on Sitangkai. Still, you will never get lost in translation in Tawi-Tawi as almost all residents also know how to speak Chavacano, Cebuano, Tagalog, Yakan, and English. Quite a few locals can also speak Malay.


99% of Tawi-Tawi’s population, approximately 390,735, belongs to the Islam religion while the rest, 0.7%, are Christians.

Tawi-Tawi Sample Itinerary:

To help you plan your trip, here is a sample 3-day itinerary in Tawi-Tawi.

Day 1: Arrival in Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

  • 07:00 am – Arrival at the hotel
  • 07:30 am – Check-in and breakfast
  • 09:00 am – 5:00 pm – Start Bongao Tour: Old Chinese Port, Provincial Capitol, Market, Bajau Village, and afternoon hike to Bud Bongao
  • 06:00 pm – Return to hotel to freshen up
  • 07:00 pm – Dinner, socials, and lights out.

Day 2: Island hopping

  • 07:00 am – Wake-up call and breakfast
  • 08:30 am – Depart for Panampangan Island
  • 10:30 am – Arrival at Panampangan Island
  • 11:00 am – 2:00 pm: Lunch, swim, and snorkeling at Panampangan Island
  • 2:00 pm – 6:00 pm: Continue island hopping tour to Simunul Island to visit Sheik Karim al Makdum Mosque and Sitangkai island to visit the Sama Dilaut village Tausug Stilt houses.
  • 7:00 pm: Back to Bongao

Day 3: Shopping and Departure

Start Planning your Tawi-Tawi Trip!

Be sure to bookmark this Tawi-Tawi travel guide to help you plan your trip accordingly.

Want more updates about new package tours and tourist spots in Tawi-Tawi, Philippines? Follow #TeamOutofTown, on FacebookTwitterInstagram, and Pinterest for more travel ideas.

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Written by Marky Ramone Go

Marky Ramone Go is a travel-junkie, writer and photographer based in the Philippines. Aside from contributing articles to various publications and websites, he narrates his experiences wandering the tropical paradise of the Philippines, the culturally rich regions of South East Asia, Sri Lanka and India on his travel blog Nomadic Experiences. After Asia, he is keen on exploring South America and eventually hoping to trace Jack Kerouac's "On the Road" trail in the United States to Mexico.

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